Is atropine eye drops safe?
Prolonged use of atropine eye drops may lead to local irritation, transient stinging, hyperaemia, oedema and conjunctivitis. An increase in intra-ocular pressure may occur, especially in patients with closed angle glaucoma. Hypersensitivity to atropine is not uncommon and may appear as a skin rash or conjunctivitis.
What are the benefits of atropine?
Atropine reduces secretions in the mouth and respiratory passages, relieves the constriction and spasm of the respiratory passages, and may reduce the paralysis of respiration that results from toxic nerve agents which increase anticholinesterase activity in the central nervous system.
How long does the effect of atropine eye drops last?
The drops vary in their effect and may last up to 24 hours. Some children may become sensitive to bright light. Wearing sunglasses or a sun hat may help. Whilst the vision is blurred, and the pupils are enlarged, your child should take extra care.
Is ofloxacin eye drops safe?
Ofloxacin eye drops may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away: eye burning or discomfort. eye stinging or redness.
What is atropine used for in emergency situations?
It is used in emergency situations when the heart beats too slowly, as an antidote to for example organophosphate insecticide or nerve gas poisoning and in mushroom poisoning. It can be used as part of the premedication before general anaesthesia.
What are the side effects of atropine?
COMMON side effects
- visual sensitivity to light.
- blurred vision.
- dry eye.
- dry mouth.
- decreased sweating.
- reactions at the site of the injection.
- intense abdominal pain.
How long will atropine last?
How long do the effects of the atropine last? The blurred vision, caused by the atropine, will last for approximately seven days after the last instillation. The dilated pupil may remain for as long as 14 days.
What is the indication of atropine?
Intravenous (IV) atropine indications include patients with hypersalivation, bronchial secretions, or bradycardia. Large doses and repeat doses may be required. Ingestions especially require higher doses (up to 20 mg). Titrate to effect by monitoring the patient’s ability to clear excess secretions.
Why Physostigmine is used in atropine poisoning?
Because it enhances the transmission of acetylcholine signals in the brain and can cross the blood–brain barrier, physostigmine salicylate is used to treat anticholinergic poisoning caused by overdoses of atropine, scopolamine and other anticholinergic drugs.