Is myopia a medical condition?
Nearsightedness, or myopia, as it is medically termed, is a vision condition in which people can see close objects clearly, but objects farther away appear blurred. Myopia occurs if the eyeball is too long or the cornea (the clear front cover of the eye) is too curved.
Does myopia count as a disability?
Myopia is not a disability. Also called nearsightedness, myopia is a common refractive error of the eye that causes distant objects to appear blurry. Generally, a disability is defined as a condition that prevents a person from accomplishing one or more activities of daily living.
Can you go blind from myopia?
Left untreated, high myopia complications can lead to blindness, so regular eye exams are critical. Degenerative myopia: A fairly rare but serious form that usually begins in early childhood is degenerative myopia. This form is severe because it damages the retina and is a leading cause of legal blindness.
Which organ is affected by myopia?
In people with myopia, the eyeball is too long or the cornea has too much curvature, so the light entering the eye is not focused correctly. Light rays of images focus in front of the retina, the light-sensitive part of the eye, rather than directly on the retina, causing blurred vision.
What is considered bad myopia?
What is High Myopia? Doctors generally define high myopia as nearsightedness of -6 diopters or higher, according to the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus. The Association also notes that high myopia often occurs in people with very long eyes, and typically appears during early childhood.
What is the highest myopia?
Mild myopia includes powers up to -3.00 dioptres (D). Moderate myopia, values of -3.00D to -6.00D. High myopia is usually myopia over -6.00D.
Is 20 80 considered legally blind?
With 20/40 vision, a person can pass a driver’s license test. With 20/80 vision, a person still might be able to read a large newspaper headline. With 20/200 vision, a person is considered legally blind.
Is minus 6.5 eyesight bad?
A number between +/-2.25 to +/- 5.00 indicates moderate nearsightedness or farsightedness. A number greater than +/- 5.00 indicates severe nearsightedness or farsightedness.
What is the treatment for high myopia?
Patients with early-stage high myopia receive prescriptions for glasses or contact lenses to relieve their blurred vision. Laser eye surgery is also a possibility for some patients but requires a separate evaluation. Later treatment depends on the type of complication.